IMARPE REPORT 132. 1998
ANNUAL STATISTICS REPORT FOR THE PERUVIAN ARTISANAL FISHERIES BY SPECIES,
FISHING GEAR, LANDING AREAS AND MONTHS DURING 1997.
CARLOTA ESTRELLA AND RENATO GUEVARA-CARASCO.
The role of reliable, prompt and widespread information is vital in the process of formulation and implementation of development politics and for the handling of fishery resources. In this context, a basic condition for the development of a productive activity such as artisanal fishery, is the availability of reliable data which permits to describe its characteristics, potentials and limits.
The information of landings statistics presented in this volume pretends to expand on the knowledge of this fishery, basing its reliability in a rigorous system of data uptake, verification and processing coming from the main landing sites of the Peruvian littoral. The progressive consolidation of the project "Determination of the Artisanal Fishery Potential in the Peruvian Littoral", permits now to present with relative opportunity, the landing statistics of 34 piers/ports distributed along the littoral.
This information is important because it shows the extractive potential of the artisanal fishermen in Perú, this importance is even greater, if one considers that this data was systematically recorded along an El Niño year, whose magnitude is only comparable to the El Niño 1982-83. The information that the Peruvian Sea Institute (IMARPE) offers in this volume, joined to the one corresponding to 1996, will permit many local and foreign researchers, to carry out impact evaluation studies on resources from 2 extreme and opposed inter-annual conditions which characterize the variability of the upwelling ecosystem of the Peruvian Sea: the abnormally cold 1996 year (La Niña), and the abnormally hot 1997 year (El Niño).
We also hope that this information will be useful to the fishery sector stakeholders, interested in the potential offer of the artisanal fishery for direct human consumption; and on the other side to the planning and regulation fishery sector interested in knowing the capacity of the artisanal fishermen to respond to different environmental marine conditions and their impact on their resources.
Finally, the Peruvian Sea Institute (IMARPE) expresses its recognition to the European Economic Community, who through its Program for the Development of the Fisheries (CEE-VECEP ALA 92/43), has significantly contributed to the institutional objective of expanding the knowledge on the characteristics of the artisanal fishery in Perú, contributing thus, to its regulation and development.